連繫動詞 Linking verb(s)

連繫動詞Linking verb(s)

動詞分Action verbs,例如eat, run, hit, fly, explode, sleep, sit.
Linking verbs例如 be(= is, am, are, was, were)
seem;appear;look;taste;sound
連繫動詞Linking verbs僅表示subject的狀態,並非表示動作(action)。
N+ LV+Adjective.
My grandfather is healthy.
My uncle is rich/wealthy.
然而,有很多動詞既是action verb(s) ,既可表示動作,也可以用作linking verb(s).

The cook tasted the soup/the chicken broth.
那廚師試了這湯/這雞湯的味道。
〔留意:中文要自行加上(試了)作為「動詞」,而「味道」是名詞。〕
(tasted 在這句子中,是action verb,廚師試了味。)
soup這個字太簡單,改用「雞湯」可令全句生色不少。所以,要學多些生字(vocabulary) 和phrase(s) (片語)。

Candy tastes sweet. N+LV+Adjective.
糖果的味道是甜的。
(留意:linking verb “tastes”在中文句子變了名詞「味道」,)
〔tastes 在這句子中,只是linking verb,全句並無動作。只是講述「糖果」的狀態/質素(state/quality)〕
還有,大多數的linking verb可以用be(= is, am, are, was, were)
來代替。
但用linking verb會更精準。
Candy tastes sweet.
Candy is sweet.

常用的linking verbs有:
seem, become, appear, remain, taste, smell, feel, look, sound, prove, and grow.
全部都可用be來代替。

The meal tasted wonderful.
The dinner smells delicious.
I can smell the oven-fresh bread from here.
I tasted the soup.
The situation looks promising.

The solicitor/ lawyer looked for his papers.
The examination looked very easy to everyone.

發佈回覆